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MDG 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

MDG 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

MDG target: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger

Halving hunger is complex because it is integrally linked with achieving nearly all the MDGs. Malnutrition is a function of many factors, including poverty, inadequate water and sanitation, poor living environments, unhealthy diets and behaviours, and restricted access to education. Identifiable policies to increase food and nutrient availability are warranted to prevent nutritional disorders, particularly among underserved, hard-to-reach populations.

MDG 4: Reduce child mortality

MDG 4: Reduce child mortality

MDG target: Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-5 mortality rate

In the Western Pacific Region, 56% of under-five child deaths occurred during the neonatal period. The leading causes of under-five mortality in the Region are pneumonia/sepsis, preterm birth complications and birth asphyxia. Focus should be on providing better quality of care, reaching more remote, underserved populations with essential services; timely antibiotic treatment for pneumonia; and maintaining the gains in immunization coverage.

MDG 5: Improve maternal health

MDG 5: Improve maternal health

  • Increased efforts are needed for better maternal health care and to address perinatal health problems, especially for poor and vulnerable populations.
  • Improving accountability for financial resources and health outcomes is critical to reach the objectives of the Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health.
MDG 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

MDG 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

MDG target: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS

  • The Region has a relatively low HIV prevalence, and the epidemic has shown signs of stabilizing.
  • Condom use and coverage of preventive interventions for most-at-risk populations are increasing but still not enough.
  • Access of population groups to services such as antiretroviral therapy remains low in most low- and middle-income countries.
MDG 7: Ensure environmental sustainability

MDG 7: Ensure environmental sustainability

MDG target: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation

Many countries in the Region have already reached the targets for use of improved drinking water sources and sanitation facilities.