'Gender-based violence' and 'violence against women' are terms that are often used interchangeably as most gender-based violence is inflicted by men on women and girls. The term 'gender-based' highlights the fact that violence against women is rooted in gender-equality and is an expression of power inequalities between women and men. Evidence suggests that women and girls are particularly at risk of violence in the home. LGBTI as well as men and boys may also face gender-based violence. However, in general, the majority of sexual violence, severe physical violence, and control from intimate partners is perpetrated by men against women and girls, and against boys and other men. While the focus here is on gender-based violence by men against women, much of the advice may also be relevant to other types of violence.
The United Nations defines violence against women as 'any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.''
Intimate partners include spouses or cohabiting partners (i.e. boyfriends and other intimate partners). Definitions vary between surveys and across countries. Review of the indicators is in progress. Data presented below may still be revised.